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How Apple Juice Made in Factory? - Apple juice production from Apple
Video Credit : https://www.fruchtsaft.de/ (Fruchtsaftvideos)
Apple Juice Production:
Apple juice is processed and sold in many forms. Fresh apple juice or sweet cider is considered to be the product of sound ripe fruit that has been bottled or packaged with no form of preservation being used other than refrigeration. This type of fresh juice is normally sold in markets not too distant from the producer. Apple juice has been treated by some method to prevent spoilage. Shelf-stable or processed apple juice can be natural juice, clarified juice, crushed juice or frozen apple concentrate. (HUİ ansiklopedi)
Natural juice comes from the press and generally only ascorbic acid is added to preserve color. It is then bottled and heat processed. Some forms of natural apple juice are produced with the use of heat pasteurization only.
Apple juice production begins with fruit harvesting, transport and washing facilities. However, all fruit must be sound and free from gross damage or contamination. In particular, it should be free from mould or rot which can lead to tainted juices and microbiological instability.
Product quality and stability will be influenced by the cleanliness of the ingredients and sanitation in the processing plant. Most fruits accumulate some dust in the field or during trasportation. They should be rinsed thoroughly by sprays of water before crushing.(Macrae and fri.)
The fruit should be picked at the proper stage of maturity for the preparation of juice. The flavour, sugar content and pectin levels of the juice will vary with the maturity of the fruit.
Ideally, fruit should have been picked when fully ripe, with dark brown seeds and no residual starch as detected by an iodine test. Fruit which is picked slightly under-ripe for the dessert market or for controlled atmosphere storage should therefore be allowed to mature for a few days at ambient temperature before pressing.(Hicks)
A diagram depicting the processing steps for apple juice and juice concentrate is shown in figure ….. .
Since apple juice concentrate is so widely available, it is relatively easy to set specifications for a juice in terms of its sugar and acid levels and to ensure consistency by blending different concentrates with water or fresh juice to required spesification. The blending and dilution of concentrates must be carried out before final filtration or the juice may become turbid on storage. The aroma essence, however, should be dosed into the juice line after the final mixing and filtration stages, to avoid losses by evaporation and adsorption by filter aids which have a high affinity for many of the small polar molecules which are responsible for volatile flavour.
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